To obtain a passport for a child under 18 years, the written consent of all persons with a caring responsibility for the child (that is a parent, or a parent who has a parenting order or has parental responsibility for the child, or a guardian of the child) is needed. Each child must be issued with his or her own passport.
To apply for an Australian passport for a child under 18 years, the parent should complete the Australian Passport Child Application Form.
The following documents must also be provided with the application:
Applications should be personally lodged at an Australian post office.
If one parent refuses to give their consent for a passport to be issued to their child, the other parent can make an application to the Court for an order that a passport be issued despite
the other parent’s refusal to consent and sign. Passports Website
The Affidavit accompanying the Application should address the reasons for seeking the passport, including the details of any proposed trip.
If the whereabouts of the non-consenting parent are unknown, the Applicant should also seek an order dispensing with service.
The court's power to permit a child’s passport to issue, under the Family Law Act, either as an injunction or a parenting order (or an order about the welfare of a child).
A passport can still be issued to a child in certain “special circumstances”,even when full consent has not been obtained. Special circumstances include:
When one parent is deceased (a death certificate would have to be lodged);
An application can be made to the Approved Senior Officer for a Waiver of Consent by completing Form B9 (Child Without Full Parental Consent) (which can be downloaded from the Passports’ website).
Where the father is not named on the birth certificate, a Form B8 (Mother’s Name Only on Child’s Birth Certificate) (which can be downloaded from the Passports’ website) should be completed.
If there is a possibility that a child will be removed from Australia, an application can be made to the court to make an order for the surrender of the child’s existing passport. An Affidavit stating the facts relied on must also be filed. The Orders may be made alone, or together with interim or final parenting orders (for example, an order restraining the removal of a child from the country, or seeking orders for approval to take the child overseas).