The relationship between grandparents and their grandchildren can be an invaluable bond, pivotal to the emotional and social development of the child.

In Australia, family law recognises this bond and allows grandparents to apply for contact and custody. Here's what you need to know about the legal process and the factors the court considers.

Grandparents' Rights

In Australia, the Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) does not specifically refer to "grandparents' rights". Instead, it emphasizes the rights of children to have relationships with significant people in their lives, which can include grandparents.

Legal Process for Contact and Custody

a. Seeking Mediation: Before going to court, it's recommended that grandparents seek mediation. Mediation can help resolve differences without the need for a court hearing. Family Relationship Centres can provide mediation services.

b. Applying to the Court: If mediation fails or is not appropriate, grandparents can apply to the court for a parenting order, which can address issues such as where the child lives, the time they spend with each person, and other aspects of their care. Grandparents will need to file an initiating application.

c. Attending a Court Hearing: If an agreement is not reached, the matter might proceed to a court hearing where evidence is presented, and the judge will make a decision.

Factors the Court Considers

The court's paramount consideration is always the best interests of the child. In deciding what's best for the child, the court will consider:

a. Primary Considerations:

  • Relationship with Parents: The nature of the relationship between the child and their parents.

  • Potential Harm: The need to protect the child from any physical or psychological harm.

  • Views of the Child: Depending on their age and maturity level, the child's views can also be taken into account.

b. Additional Considerations:

  • Nature of Relationship: The nature of the relationship between the child and the grandparents, as well as other relatives.

  • Willingness to Facilitate Contact: The willingness and ability of the grandparents to facilitate and encourage a close and continuing relationship between the child and the parents.

  • Effect of Change: The likely effect of any change in the child’s circumstances, including any separation from either of their parents or grandparents.

  • Practical Difficulties: Any practical difficulties and expenses involved in a child spending time with and communicating with a grandparent.

  • Capacity of Grandparents: The capacity of the grandparents (or any other relative) to provide for the needs of the child.

  • Maturity, Sex, Lifestyle, and Background: These aspects of the child and of either of the child’s parents can be taken into account, including their culture and traditions.

  • Other Relevant Factors: The court will consider any other factor it thinks is relevant.


While grandparents do not have automatic rights to contact or custody of their grandchildren, Australian family law acknowledges the vital role they can play in a child's life. As always, the child's best interests are at the forefront of any court decision, ensuring their safety, happiness, and well-being are prioritized. Grandparents considering applying for contact or custody should seek legal advice to understand their position and the best way forward.